1787, Austria, Emperor Joseph II. Beautiful Gold Gold Ducat Coin. NGC MS-60
1787, Austria, Emperor Joseph II. Beautiful Gold Gold Ducat Coin. NGC MS-60
1787, Austria, Emperor Joseph II. Beautiful Gold Gold Ducat Coin. NGC MS-60

1787, Austria, Emperor Joseph II. Beautiful Gold Gold Ducat Coin. NGC MS-60
1787, Austria, Emperor Joseph II. Beautiful Gold Gold Ducat Coin. Mint Year: 1787 Mint Place: Vienna (A) Denomination: Gold Ducat Reference: Friedberg 439, KM-1873. Certified and graded by NGC as MS-60! 986 Diameter: 21mm Weight: 3.49gm. Obverse: Laureate bust of Emperor Joseph II right. Mint initial (A) below. Reverse: Crown above nimbate imperial double headed eagle with crowned coat-of-arms at chest, holding sword and scepter. Joseph Benedikt Anton Michael Adam (March 13, 1741 February 20, 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. He was the eldest son of Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Francis I. Joseph was a proponent of enlightened absolutism. Some of these reforms faced a vehement opposition by peasants and lords in several kingdoms and largely failed e. In Hungary but he gained immense popularity in other, more developed kingdoms, especially Bohemia where the name “Josef” became the most popular male first name. The death of Maria Theresa on November 29, 1780, left Joseph free. He immediately directed his government on a new course. He proceeded to attempt to realize his ideal of enlightened despotism acting on a definite system for the good of all. The measures of emancipation of the peasantry which his mother had begun were carried on by him with feverish activity. The spread of education, the secularization of church lands, the reduction of the religious orders and the clergy in general to complete submission to the lay state, the issue of the Patent of Tolerance (1781) providing limited guarantee of freedom of worship, the promotion of unity by the compulsory use of the German languageeverything which from the point of view of 18th century philosophy, the Age of Enlightenment, appeared “reasonable”were undertaken at once. He strove for administrative unity with characteristic haste to reach results without preparation. In addition, Joseph abolished serfdom in 1781. Later, in 1789, he decreed that peasants must be paid in cash payments rather than labor obligations. Also he abolished the death penalty in 1787 and it remained until 1795. The item “1787, Austria, Emperor Joseph II. Beautiful Gold Gold Ducat Coin. NGC MS-60″ is in sale since Saturday, September 4, 2021. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ World\Europe\Austria”. The seller is “coinworldtv” and is located in Wien. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Composition: Gold
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Austria
  • Certification: NGC
  • Denomination: Ducat
  • KM Number: 1873
  • Grade: MS 60
  • Year: 1787

1787, Austria, Emperor Joseph II. Beautiful Gold Gold Ducat Coin. NGC MS-60
1915, Austria (Empire), Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-67
1915, Austria (Empire), Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-67
1915, Austria (Empire), Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-67

1915, Austria (Empire), Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-67
1915, Austria (Empire), Francis Joseph I. Denomination: Gold Ducat Mint Year: 1915 Re-Strike! Certified and graded by NGC as MS-67! 986 Diameter: 20mm Weight: 3.49gm. Obverse: Wreathed head of mature Francis Joseph right. Reverse: Austrian imperial double headed eagle with coat of arms at chest, holding sword, imperial staff and orb. The last significant Habsburg monarch. Franz Josef was the eldest son of Archduke Franz Karl (Francis Charles), who was brother and heir of Austrian Emperor Ferdinand I. Because his father renounced his right to the throne, Franz Josef became emperor when Ferdinand abdicated near the end of the revolution of 1848. By the time Franz Josef stepped onto the throne, Austria’s position as a European “great power” was already in serious decline. Three external factors furthered Austria’s decline. Lingering Russian ill will was a factor in the July (1914) Crisis which led to the outbreak of WWI. – The unification of Italy provided a new threat to the empire. In the decade that followed, Austria lost nearly all of its Italian possessions, such as Lombardy and Venetia. – The rise of Prussian dominance of the German Confederation, and Austria’s loss of the Austro-Prussian war in 1866. German unification in 1871 made Austria the lesser of the two German powers. Austria was weakened by these reverses. Franz Josef had little choice but to negotiate with Hungary on its demands for autonomy. Austria and Hungary agreed to create a dual monarchy in which the two countries would be equal partners. Under the empire of Austria-Hungary, as it was known after 1867, Hungary had complete independence in internal affairs, but the two countries acted jointly in foreign affairs. (This fact contributed to the slowness of A-H’s response to the murder of Franz Ferdinand). The same year, Franz Josef and Elizabeth were formally crowned king and queen of Hungary. Franz Josef married Elizabeth, daughter of Duke Maximilian of Bavaria, in 1854. They had one son, Rudolf, and three daughters. As the dual monarch, Franz Josef planned to grant some form of self-government to the Austrian Slavs, but the German and Magyar elites who actually controlled the empire opposed any sharing of power. The resulting dissatisfaction among Austrian Czechs and Serbs further weakened the Habsburg realms and caused increased friction with Russia, which championed the cause of Europe’s Slavic peoples. Franz Josef’s later years were marked by a series of tragedies in his family. In 1885 his only son and heir to the throne, Archduke Rudolf, committed suicide; Franz Josef’s second younger brother, Karl Ludwig, had died in 1896 from illness due to bad water he drank while on a holy lands pilgrimage; in 1898 Elizabeth was assassinated by an Italian anarchist. Succession to the Austrian throne was not simple. Following the suicide of Franz Josef’s only son Rudolf, the next in succession would have been Franz Josef’s younger brother Maximillian. Maximillian, however, had been executed by a firing squad in Mexico in 1867 after a 3 year reign as Emperor of Mexico. Karl Ludwig’s oldest son, Franz Ferdinand replaced Rudolf as heir to the throne. Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo in June 1914. The assasination precipitated a crisis which led to the outbreak of World War I. Franz Josef died on November 21, 1916. He did not live to see Austria’s defeat in the war. His grand nephew, Karl I assumed the throne for two years, but was the last Habsburg monarch. William served in the army from 1814 onward, fought against Napoleon I of France during the Napoleonic Wars, and was reportedly a very brave soldier. He fought under Blücher at the Battles of Waterloo and Ligny. He also became an excellent diplomat by engaging in diplomatic missions after 1815. During the Revolutions of 1848, William successfully crushed a revolt that was aimed at his elder brother King Frederick William IV. The use of cannons made him unpopular at the time and earned him the nickname. In 1857 Frederick William IV suffered a stroke and became mentally disabled for the rest of his life. In January 1858 William became Prince Regent for his brother. On January 2, 1861 Frederick William died and William ascended the throne as William I of Prussia. He inherited a conflict between Frederick William and the liberal parliament. He was considered a politically neutral person as he intervened less in politics than his brother. William nevertheless found a conservative solution for the conflict: he appointed Otto von Bismarck to the office of Prime Minister. According to the Prussian constitution, the Prime Minister was responsible solely to the king, not to parliament. Bismarck liked to see his work relationship with William as that of a vassal to his feudal superior. Nonetheless it was Bismarck who effectively directed the politics, interior as well as foreign; on several occasions he gained William’s assent by threatening to resign. In the aftermath of the Franco-Prussian War William was proclaimed German Emperor on January 18, 1871 in Versailles Palace. The title “German Emperor” was carefully chosen by Bismarck after discussion until (and after) the day of the proclamation. William accepted this title grudgingly as he would have preferred “Emperor of Germany” which, however, was unacceptable to the federated monarchs, and would also have signalled a claim to lands outside of his reign Austria, Switzerland, Luxemburg etc. The title “Emperor of the Germans”, as proposed in 1848, was ruled out from the start anyway, as he considered himself chosen “by the grace of God”, not by the people as in a democratic republic. This Empire was a federal state; the emperor was head of state and president. First among equals of the federated monarchs (the kings of Bavaria, Württemberg, Saxony, the grand dukes of Baden and Hesse, and so on, not to forget the senates of the free cities of Hamburg, Lübeck and Bremen). On May 11, 1878, Max Hödel failed in an assassination attempt on William in Berlin. A second attempt was made on June 2, 1878, by the anarchist Karl Nobiling, who wounded William before committing suicide. These attempts became the pretext for the institution of the Anti-Socialist Law, which was introduced by Bismarcks government with the support of a majority in the Reichstag in October 18, 1878, for the purpose of fighting the. The laws deprived the Social Democratic Party of Germany of its legal status; they prohibited all organizations, workers mass organizations and the socialist and workers press, decreed confiscation of socialist literature, and subjected Social-Democrats to reprisals. The laws were extended every 2-3 years. Despite this policy of reprisals the Social Democratic Party increased its influence among the masses. Under pressure of the mass working-class movement the laws were repealed on October 1, 1890. In his memoirs, Bismarck describes William as an old-fashioned, courteous, infallibly polite gentleman and a genuine Prussian officer, whose good common sense was occasionally undermined by “female influences”. The item “1915, Austria (Empire), Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-67″ is in sale since Sunday, September 19, 2021. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ World\Europe\Austria”. The seller is “coinworldtv” and is located in Wien. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Composition: Gold
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Austria
  • Certification: NGC
  • Denomination: Ducat
  • KM Number: 2267
  • Grade: MS 67
  • Year: 1915

1915, Austria (Empire), Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-67
1915, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Large Gold 4 Ducats Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-63
1915, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Large Gold 4 Ducats Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-63
1915, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Large Gold 4 Ducats Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-63

1915, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Large Gold 4 Ducats Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-63
1915, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Large Gold 4 Ducats Coin. Mint Year: 1915 Re-Strike! Denomination: Gold 4 Ducats. Reference: Friedberg 488, KM-2276. Certified and graded by NGC as MS-63! 986 Weight: 13.96gm. Obverse: Wreathed and draped bust of the mature Francis Joseph right. Reverse: Austrian imperial double headed eagle with coat of arms at chest, holding sword, imperial staff and orb. The last significant Habsburg monarch. Franz Josef was the eldest son of Archduke Franz Karl (Francis Charles), who was brother and heir of Austrian Emperor Ferdinand I. Because his father renounced his right to the throne, Franz Josef became emperor when Ferdinand abdicated near the end of the revolution of 1848. By the time Franz Josef stepped onto the throne, Austria’s position as a European “great power” was already in serious decline. Three external factors furthered Austria’s decline. Lingering Russian ill will was a factor in the July (1914) Crisis which led to the outbreak of WWI. – The unification of Italy provided a new threat to the empire. In the decade that followed, Austria lost nearly all of its Italian possessions, such as Lombardy and Venetia. – The rise of Prussian dominance of the German Confederation, and Austria’s loss of the Austro-Prussian war in 1866. German unification in 1871 made Austria the lesser of the two German powers. Austria was weakened by these reverses. Franz Josef had little choice but to negotiate with Hungary on its demands for autonomy. Austria and Hungary agreed to create a dual monarchy in which the two countries would be equal partners. Under the empire of Austria-Hungary, as it was known after 1867, Hungary had complete independence in internal affairs, but the two countries acted jointly in foreign affairs. (This fact contributed to the slowness of A-H’s response to the murder of Franz Ferdinand). The same year, Franz Josef and Elizabeth were formally crowned king and queen of Hungary. Franz Josef married Elizabeth, daughter of Duke Maximilian of Bavaria, in 1854. They had one son, Rudolf, and three daughters. As the dual monarch, Franz Josef planned to grant some form of self-government to the Austrian Slavs, but the German and Magyar elites who actually controlled the empire opposed any sharing of power. The resulting dissatisfaction among Austrian Czechs and Serbs further weakened the Habsburg realms and caused increased friction with Russia, which championed the cause of Europe’s Slavic peoples. Franz Josef’s later years were marked by a series of tragedies in his family. In 1885 his only son and heir to the throne, Archduke Rudolf, committed suicide; Franz Josef’s second younger brother, Karl Ludwig, had died in 1896 from illness due to bad water he drank while on a holy lands pilgrimage; in 1898 Elizabeth was assassinated by an Italian anarchist. Succession to the Austrian throne was not simple. Following the suicide of Franz Josef’s only son Rudolf, the next in succession would have been Franz Josef’s younger brother Maximillian. Maximillian, however, had been executed by a firing squad in Mexico in 1867 after a 3 year reign as Emperor of Mexico. Karl Ludwig’s oldest son, Franz Ferdinand replaced Rudolf as heir to the throne. Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo in June 1914. The assasination precipitated a crisis which led to the outbreak of World War I. Franz Josef died on November 21, 1916. He did not live to see Austria’s defeat in the war. His grand nephew, Karl I assumed the throne for two years, but was the last Habsburg monarch. William served in the army from 1814 onward, fought against Napoleon I of France during the Napoleonic Wars, and was reportedly a very brave soldier. He fought under Blücher at the Battles of Waterloo and Ligny. He also became an excellent diplomat by engaging in diplomatic missions after 1815. During the Revolutions of 1848, William successfully crushed a revolt that was aimed at his elder brother King Frederick William IV. The use of cannons made him unpopular at the time and earned him the nickname. In 1857 Frederick William IV suffered a stroke and became mentally disabled for the rest of his life. In January 1858 William became Prince Regent for his brother. On January 2, 1861 Frederick William died and William ascended the throne as William I of Prussia. He inherited a conflict between Frederick William and the liberal parliament. He was considered a politically neutral person as he intervened less in politics than his brother. William nevertheless found a conservative solution for the conflict: he appointed Otto von Bismarck to the office of Prime Minister. According to the Prussian constitution, the Prime Minister was responsible solely to the king, not to parliament. Bismarck liked to see his work relationship with William as that of a vassal to his feudal superior. Nonetheless it was Bismarck who effectively directed the politics, interior as well as foreign; on several occasions he gained William’s assent by threatening to resign. In the aftermath of the Franco-Prussian War William was proclaimed German Emperor on January 18, 1871 in Versailles Palace. The title “German Emperor” was carefully chosen by Bismarck after discussion until (and after) the day of the proclamation. William accepted this title grudgingly as he would have preferred “Emperor of Germany” which, however, was unacceptable to the federated monarchs, and would also have signalled a claim to lands outside of his reign Austria, Switzerland, Luxemburg etc. The title “Emperor of the Germans”, as proposed in 1848, was ruled out from the start anyway, as he considered himself chosen “by the grace of God”, not by the people as in a democratic republic. This Empire was a federal state; the emperor was head of state and president. First among equals of the federated monarchs (the kings of Bavaria, Württemberg, Saxony, the grand dukes of Baden and Hesse, and so on, not to forget the senates of the free cities of Hamburg, Lübeck and Bremen). On May 11, 1878, Max Hödel failed in an assassination attempt on William in Berlin. A second attempt was made on June 2, 1878, by the anarchist Karl Nobiling, who wounded William before committing suicide. These attempts became the pretext for the institution of the Anti-Socialist Law, which was introduced by Bismarcks government with the support of a majority in the Reichstag in October 18, 1878, for the purpose of fighting the. The laws deprived the Social Democratic Party of Germany of its legal status; they prohibited all organizations, workers mass organizations and the socialist and workers press, decreed confiscation of socialist literature, and subjected Social-Democrats to reprisals. The laws were extended every 2-3 years. Despite this policy of reprisals the Social Democratic Party increased its influence among the masses. Under pressure of the mass working-class movement the laws were repealed on October 1, 1890. In his memoirs, Bismarck describes William as an old-fashioned, courteous, infallibly polite gentleman and a genuine Prussian officer, whose good common sense was occasionally undermined by “female influences”. The item “1915, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Large Gold 4 Ducats Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-63″ is in sale since Thursday, September 16, 2021. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ World\Europe\Austria”. The seller is “coinworldtv” and is located in Wien. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Composition: Gold
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Austria
  • Certification: NGC
  • Denomination: 4 Ducats
  • KM Number: 2276
  • Grade: MS 63
  • Year: 1915

1915, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Large Gold 4 Ducats Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-63
1915, Austria (Empire), Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-66
1915, Austria (Empire), Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-66
1915, Austria (Empire), Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-66
1915, Austria (Empire), Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-66

1915, Austria (Empire), Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-66
1915, Austria (Empire), Francis Joseph I. Denomination: Gold Ducat Mint Year: 1915 Re-Strike! Certified and graded by NGC as MS-66! 986 Diameter: 20mm Weight: 3.49gm. Obverse: Wreathed head of mature Francis Joseph right. Reverse: Austrian imperial double headed eagle with coat of arms at chest, holding sword, imperial staff and orb. The last significant Habsburg monarch. Franz Josef was the eldest son of Archduke Franz Karl (Francis Charles), who was brother and heir of Austrian Emperor Ferdinand I. Because his father renounced his right to the throne, Franz Josef became emperor when Ferdinand abdicated near the end of the revolution of 1848. By the time Franz Josef stepped onto the throne, Austria’s position as a European “great power” was already in serious decline. Three external factors furthered Austria’s decline. Lingering Russian ill will was a factor in the July (1914) Crisis which led to the outbreak of WWI. – The unification of Italy provided a new threat to the empire. In the decade that followed, Austria lost nearly all of its Italian possessions, such as Lombardy and Venetia. – The rise of Prussian dominance of the German Confederation, and Austria’s loss of the Austro-Prussian war in 1866. German unification in 1871 made Austria the lesser of the two German powers. Austria was weakened by these reverses. Franz Josef had little choice but to negotiate with Hungary on its demands for autonomy. Austria and Hungary agreed to create a dual monarchy in which the two countries would be equal partners. Under the empire of Austria-Hungary, as it was known after 1867, Hungary had complete independence in internal affairs, but the two countries acted jointly in foreign affairs. (This fact contributed to the slowness of A-H’s response to the murder of Franz Ferdinand). The same year, Franz Josef and Elizabeth were formally crowned king and queen of Hungary. Franz Josef married Elizabeth, daughter of Duke Maximilian of Bavaria, in 1854. They had one son, Rudolf, and three daughters. As the dual monarch, Franz Josef planned to grant some form of self-government to the Austrian Slavs, but the German and Magyar elites who actually controlled the empire opposed any sharing of power. The resulting dissatisfaction among Austrian Czechs and Serbs further weakened the Habsburg realms and caused increased friction with Russia, which championed the cause of Europe’s Slavic peoples. Franz Josef’s later years were marked by a series of tragedies in his family. In 1885 his only son and heir to the throne, Archduke Rudolf, committed suicide; Franz Josef’s second younger brother, Karl Ludwig, had died in 1896 from illness due to bad water he drank while on a holy lands pilgrimage; in 1898 Elizabeth was assassinated by an Italian anarchist. Succession to the Austrian throne was not simple. Following the suicide of Franz Josef’s only son Rudolf, the next in succession would have been Franz Josef’s younger brother Maximillian. Maximillian, however, had been executed by a firing squad in Mexico in 1867 after a 3 year reign as Emperor of Mexico. Karl Ludwig’s oldest son, Franz Ferdinand replaced Rudolf as heir to the throne. Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo in June 1914. The assasination precipitated a crisis which led to the outbreak of World War I. Franz Josef died on November 21, 1916. He did not live to see Austria’s defeat in the war. His grand nephew, Karl I assumed the throne for two years, but was the last Habsburg monarch. William served in the army from 1814 onward, fought against Napoleon I of France during the Napoleonic Wars, and was reportedly a very brave soldier. He fought under Blücher at the Battles of Waterloo and Ligny. He also became an excellent diplomat by engaging in diplomatic missions after 1815. During the Revolutions of 1848, William successfully crushed a revolt that was aimed at his elder brother King Frederick William IV. The use of cannons made him unpopular at the time and earned him the nickname. In 1857 Frederick William IV suffered a stroke and became mentally disabled for the rest of his life. In January 1858 William became Prince Regent for his brother. On January 2, 1861 Frederick William died and William ascended the throne as William I of Prussia. He inherited a conflict between Frederick William and the liberal parliament. He was considered a politically neutral person as he intervened less in politics than his brother. William nevertheless found a conservative solution for the conflict: he appointed Otto von Bismarck to the office of Prime Minister. According to the Prussian constitution, the Prime Minister was responsible solely to the king, not to parliament. Bismarck liked to see his work relationship with William as that of a vassal to his feudal superior. Nonetheless it was Bismarck who effectively directed the politics, interior as well as foreign; on several occasions he gained William’s assent by threatening to resign. In the aftermath of the Franco-Prussian War William was proclaimed German Emperor on January 18, 1871 in Versailles Palace. The title “German Emperor” was carefully chosen by Bismarck after discussion until (and after) the day of the proclamation. William accepted this title grudgingly as he would have preferred “Emperor of Germany” which, however, was unacceptable to the federated monarchs, and would also have signalled a claim to lands outside of his reign Austria, Switzerland, Luxemburg etc. The title “Emperor of the Germans”, as proposed in 1848, was ruled out from the start anyway, as he considered himself chosen “by the grace of God”, not by the people as in a democratic republic. This Empire was a federal state; the emperor was head of state and president. First among equals of the federated monarchs (the kings of Bavaria, Württemberg, Saxony, the grand dukes of Baden and Hesse, and so on, not to forget the senates of the free cities of Hamburg, Lübeck and Bremen). On May 11, 1878, Max Hödel failed in an assassination attempt on William in Berlin. A second attempt was made on June 2, 1878, by the anarchist Karl Nobiling, who wounded William before committing suicide. These attempts became the pretext for the institution of the Anti-Socialist Law, which was introduced by Bismarcks government with the support of a majority in the Reichstag in October 18, 1878, for the purpose of fighting the. The laws deprived the Social Democratic Party of Germany of its legal status; they prohibited all organizations, workers mass organizations and the socialist and workers press, decreed confiscation of socialist literature, and subjected Social-Democrats to reprisals. The laws were extended every 2-3 years. Despite this policy of reprisals the Social Democratic Party increased its influence among the masses. Under pressure of the mass working-class movement the laws were repealed on October 1, 1890. In his memoirs, Bismarck describes William as an old-fashioned, courteous, infallibly polite gentleman and a genuine Prussian officer, whose good common sense was occasionally undermined by “female influences”. The item “1915, Austria (Empire), Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-66″ is in sale since Friday, October 16, 2020. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ World\Europe\Austria”. The seller is “coinworldtv” and is located in Wien. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Composition: Gold
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Austria
  • Certification Number: 5776569-010
  • Certification: NGC
  • Denomination: Ducat
  • KM Number: 2267
  • Grade: MS 66
  • Year: 1915

1915, Austria (Empire), Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Re-Strike! NGC MS-66
1865-E, Transylvania, Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Karlsburg! NGC MS-63
1865-E, Transylvania, Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Karlsburg! NGC MS-63
1865-E, Transylvania, Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Karlsburg! NGC MS-63
1865-E, Transylvania, Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Karlsburg! NGC MS-63

1865-E, Transylvania, Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Karlsburg! NGC MS-63
1865-E, Transylvania, Francis Joseph I. Mint Year: 1865 Reference: KM-2264. Mint Place: Karlsburg (E) Condition. Certified and graded by NGC as MS-63! 986 Diameter: 21mm Weight: 3.49gm. Obverse: Wreathed head of Franz Josef I right. Mint initial of the Karlsburg mint (E) below. AVSTRIAE IMPERATOR / A. Reverse: Imperial double headed eagle with shield with coat of arms at chest, holding sword, imperial scepter and orb. (German: Karlsburg or Carlsburg, formerly Weißenburg, Hungarian: Gyulafehérvár, Latin: Apulum, Ottoman Turkish: Erdel Belgrad or Belgrad- Erdel), is a city that serves as the seat of Alba County in the west-central part of Romania. Located on the Mure River in the historical region of Transylvania, it has a population of 63,536 (as of 2011). The last significant Habsburg monarch. Franz Josef was the eldest son of Archduke Franz Karl (Francis Charles), who was brother and heir of Austrian Emperor Ferdinand I. Because his father renounced his right to the throne, Franz Josef became emperor when Ferdinand abdicated near the end of the revolution of 1848. By the time Franz Josef stepped onto the throne, Austria’s position as a European “great power” was already in serious decline. Three external factors furthered Austria’s decline. Lingering Russian ill will was a factor in the July (1914) Crisis which led to the outbreak of WWI. – The unification of Italy provided a new threat to the empire. In the decade that followed, Austria lost nearly all of its Italian possessions, such as Lombardy and Venetia. – The rise of Prussian dominance of the German Confederation, and Austria’s loss of the Austro-Prussian war in 1866. German unification in 1871 made Austria the lesser of the two German powers. Austria was weakened by these reverses. Franz Josef had little choice but to negotiate with Hungary on its demands for autonomy. Austria and Hungary agreed to create a dual monarchy in which the two countries would be equal partners. Under the empire of Austria-Hungary, as it was known after 1867, Hungary had complete independence in internal affairs, but the two countries acted jointly in foreign affairs. (This fact contributed to the slowness of A-H’s response to the murder of Franz Ferdinand). The same year, Franz Josef and Elizabeth were formally crowned king and queen of Hungary. Franz Josef married Elizabeth, daughter of Duke Maximilian of Bavaria, in 1854. They had one son, Rudolf, and three daughters. As the dual monarch, Franz Josef planned to grant some form of self-government to the Austrian Slavs, but the German and Magyar elites who actually controlled the empire opposed any sharing of power. The resulting dissatisfaction among Austrian Czechs and Serbs further weakened the Habsburg realms and caused increased friction with Russia, which championed the cause of Europe’s Slavic peoples. Franz Josef’s later years were marked by a series of tragedies in his family. In 1894 his only son and heir to the throne, Archduke Rudolf, committed suicide; Franz Josef’s second younger brother, Karl Ludwig, had died in 1896 from illness due to bad water he drank while on a holy lands pilgrimage; in 1898 Elizabeth was assassinated by an Italian anarchist. Succession to the Austrian throne was not simple. Following the suicide of Franz Josef’s only son Rudolf, the next in succession would have been Franz Josef’s younger brother Maximillian. Maximillian, however, had been executed by a firing squad in Mexico in 1867 after a 3 year reign as Emperor of Mexico. Karl Ludwig’s oldest son, Franz Ferdinand replaced Rudolf as heir to the throne. Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo in June 1914. The assasination precipitated a crisis which led to the outbreak of World War I. Franz Josef died on November 21, 1916. He did not live to see Austria’s defeat in the war. His grand nephew, Karl I assumed the throne for two years, but was the last Habsburg monarch. William served in the army from 1814 onward, fought against Napoleon I of France during the Napoleonic Wars, and was reportedly a very brave soldier. He fought under Blücher at the Battles of Waterloo and Ligny. He also became an excellent diplomat by engaging in diplomatic missions after 1815. During the Revolutions of 1848, William successfully crushed a revolt that was aimed at his elder brother King Frederick William IV. The use of cannons made him unpopular at the time and earned him the nickname. In 1857 Frederick William IV suffered a stroke and became mentally disabled for the rest of his life. In January 1858 William became Prince Regent for his brother. On January 2, 1890 Frederick William died and William ascended the throne as William I of Prussia. He inherited a conflict between Frederick William and the liberal parliament. He was considered a politically neutral person as he intervened less in politics than his brother. William nevertheless found a conservative solution for the conflict: he appointed Otto von Bismarck to the office of Prime Minister. According to the Prussian constitution, the Prime Minister was responsible solely to the king, not to parliament. Bismarck liked to see his work relationship with William as that of a vassal to his feudal superior. Nonetheless it was Bismarck who effectively directed the politics, interior as well as foreign; on several occasions he gained William’s assent by threatening to resign. In the aftermath of the Franco-Prussian War William was proclaimed German Emperor on January 18, 1871 in Versailles Palace. The title “German Emperor” was carefully chosen by Bismarck after discussion until (and after) the day of the proclamation. William accepted this title grudgingly as he would have preferred “Emperor of Germany” which, however, was unacceptable to the federated monarchs, and would also have signalled a claim to lands outside of his reign Austria, Switzerland, Luxemburg etc. The title “Emperor of the Germans”, as proposed in 1848, was ruled out from the start anyway, as he considered himself chosen “by the grace of God”, not by the people as in a democratic republic. This Empire was a federal state; the emperor was head of state and president. First among equals of the federated monarchs (the kings of Bavaria, Württemberg, Saxony, the grand dukes of Baden and Hesse, and so on, not to forget the senates of the free cities of Hamburg, Lübeck and Bremen). On May 11, 1875, Max Hödel failed in an assassination attempt on William in Berlin. A second attempt was made on June 2, 1875, by the anarchist Karl Nobiling, who wounded William before committing suicide. These attempts became the pretext for the institution of the Anti-Socialist Law, which was introduced by Bismarck’s government with the support of a majority in the Reichstag in October 18, 1875, for the purpose of fighting the. The laws deprived the Social Democratic Party of Germany of its legal status; they prohibited all organizations, workers’ mass organizations and the socialist and workers’ press, decreed confiscation of socialist literature, and subjected Social-Democrats to reprisals. The laws were extended every 2-3 years. Despite this policy of reprisals the Social Democratic Party increased its influence among the masses. Under pressure of the mass working-class movement the laws were repealed on October 1, 1890. In his memoirs, Bismarck describes William as an old-fashioned, courteous, infallibly polite gentleman and a genuine Prussian officer, whose good common sense was occasionally undermined by “female influences”. The item “1865-E, Transylvania, Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Karlsburg! NGC MS-63″ is in sale since Saturday, September 5, 2020. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ World\Europe\Austria”. The seller is “coinworldtv” and is located in Wien. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Composition: Gold
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Austria
  • Certification: NGC
  • Denomination: Ducat
  • KM Number: 2233
  • Grade: MS 63
  • Year: 1865

1865-E, Transylvania, Francis Joseph I. Gold Ducat Coin. Karlsburg! NGC MS-63
1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58
1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58
1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58
1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58

1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58
1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona “Lady in the Clouds” Coin. Mint year: 1908 Mint place: Vienna Reference: Friedberg 514, KM-2812. Certified and graded by NGC as AU-58! Denomination: 100 Corona – 50th Anniversary of Francis Joseph as Emperor Material: Gold. 900 Weight: 33.88gm Diameter: 37mm. Obverse: Head of Francis Joseph I right. Reverse: Female figure (the so-called “Lady in the Clouds”, which represents Austria) reclined in clouds, holding wreath in right hand and supports oval shield with arms of the Austrian Empire to her left. Legend: DVODECIM LVSTRIS GLORIOSE PERACTIS. Twelve lustra (one lustrum is equal to 5 years = 25 Years) gloriously accomplished! A lustrum (plural lustra) was a term for a five-year period in Ancient Rome. The last significant Habsburg monarch. Franz Josef was the eldest son of Archduke Franz Karl (Francis Charles), who was brother and heir of Austrian Emperor Ferdinand I. Because his father renounced his right to the throne, Franz Josef became emperor when Ferdinand abdicated near the end of the revolution of 1848. By the time Franz Josef stepped onto the throne, Austria’s position as a European “great power” was already in serious decline. Three external factors furthered Austria’s decline. Lingering Russian ill will was a factor in the July (1914) Crisis which led to the outbreak of WWI. – The unification of Italy provided a new threat to the empire. In the decade that followed, Austria lost nearly all of its Italian possessions, such as Lombardy and Venetia. – The rise of Prussian dominance of the German Confederation, and Austria’s loss of the Austro-Prussian war in 1866. German unification in 1871 made Austria the lesser of the two German powers. Austria was weakened by these reverses. Franz Josef had little choice but to negotiate with Hungary on its demands for autonomy. Austria and Hungary agreed to create a dual monarchy in which the two countries would be equal partners. Under the empire of Austria-Hungary, as it was known after 1867, Hungary had complete independence in internal affairs, but the two countries acted jointly in foreign affairs. (This fact contributed to the slowness of A-H’s response to the murder of Franz Ferdinand). The same year, Franz Josef and Elizabeth were formally crowned king and queen of Hungary. Franz Josef married Elizabeth, daughter of Duke Maximilian of Bavaria, in 1854. They had one son, Rudolf, and three daughters. As the dual monarch, Franz Josef planned to grant some form of self-government to the Austrian Slavs, but the German and Magyar elites who actually controlled the empire opposed any sharing of power. The resulting dissatisfaction among Austrian Czechs and Serbs further weakened the Habsburg realms and caused increased friction with Russia, which championed the cause of Europe’s Slavic peoples. Franz Josef’s later years were marked by a series of tragedies in his family. In 1889 his only son and heir to the throne, Archduke Rudolf, committed suicide; Franz Josef’s second younger brother, Karl Ludwig, had died in 1896 from illness due to bad water he drank while on a holy lands pilgrimage; in 1898 Elizabeth was assassinated by an Italian anarchist. Succession to the Austrian throne was not simple. Following the suicide of Franz Josef’s only son Rudolf, the next in succession would have been Franz Josef’s younger brother Maximillian. Maximillian, however, had been executed by a firing squad in Mexico in 1867 after a 3 year reign as Emperor of Mexico. Karl Ludwig’s oldest son, Franz Ferdinand replaced Rudolf as heir to the throne. Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo in June 1914. The assasination precipitated a crisis which led to the outbreak of World War I. Franz Josef died on November 21, 1916. He did not live to see Austria’s defeat in the war. His grand nephew, Karl I assumed the throne for two years, but was the last Habsburg monarch. William served in the army from 1814 onward, fought against Napoleon I of France during the Napoleonic Wars, and was reportedly a very brave soldier. He fought under Blücher at the Battles of Waterloo and Ligny. He also became an excellent diplomat by engaging in diplomatic missions after 1815. During the Revolutions of 1848, William successfully crushed a revolt that was aimed at his elder brother King Frederick William IV. The use of cannons made him unpopular at the time and earned him the nickname. In 1857 Frederick William IV suffered a stroke and became mentally disabled for the rest of his life. In January 1858 William became Prince Regent for his brother. On January 2, 1861 Frederick William died and William ascended the throne as William I of Prussia. He inherited a conflict between Frederick William and the liberal parliament. He was considered a politically neutral person as he intervened less in politics than his brother. William nevertheless found a conservative solution for the conflict: he appointed Otto von Bismarck to the office of Prime Minister. According to the Prussian constitution, the Prime Minister was responsible solely to the king, not to parliament. Bismarck liked to see his work relationship with William as that of a vassal to his feudal superior. Nonetheless it was Bismarck who effectively directed the politics, interior as well as foreign; on several occasions he gained William’s assent by threatening to resign. In the aftermath of the Franco-Prussian War William was proclaimed German Emperor on January 18, 1871 in Versailles Palace. The title “German Emperor” was carefully chosen by Bismarck after discussion until (and after) the day of the proclamation. William accepted this title grudgingly as he would have preferred “Emperor of Germany” which, however, was unacceptable to the federated monarchs, and would also have signalled a claim to lands outside of his reign Austria, Switzerland, Luxemburg etc. The title “Emperor of the Germans”, as proposed in 1848, was ruled out from the start anyway, as he considered himself chosen “by the grace of God”, not by the people as in a democratic republic. This Empire was a federal state; the emperor was head of state and president. First among equals of the federated monarchs (the kings of Bavaria, Württemberg, Saxony, the grand dukes of Baden and Hesse, and so on, not to forget the senates of the free cities of Hamburg, Lübeck and Bremen). On May 11, 1878, Max Hödel failed in an assassination attempt on William in Berlin. A second attempt was made on June 2, 1878, by the anarchist Karl Nobiling, who wounded William before committing suicide. These attempts became the pretext for the institution of the Anti-Socialist Law, which was introduced by Bismarck’s government with the support of a majority in the Reichstag in October 18, 1878, for the purpose of fighting the. The laws deprived the Social Democratic Party of Germany of its legal status; they prohibited all organizations, workers’ mass organizations and the socialist and workers’ press, decreed confiscation of socialist literature, and subjected Social-Democrats to reprisals. The laws were extended every 2-3 years. Despite this policy of reprisals the Social Democratic Party increased its influence among the masses. Under pressure of the mass working-class movement the laws were repealed on October 1, 1890. In his memoirs, Bismarck describes William as an old-fashioned, courteous, infallibly polite gentleman and a genuine Prussian officer, whose good common sense was occasionally undermined by “female influences”. The item “1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58″ is in sale since Monday, May 11, 2020. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ World\Gold”. The seller is “coinworldtv” and is located in Wien. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Certification: NGC

1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58
1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58
1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58
1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58
1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58

1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58
1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona “Lady in the Clouds” Coin. Mint year: 1908 Mint place: Vienna Reference: Friedberg 514, KM-2812. Certified and graded by NGC as AU-58! Denomination: 100 Corona – 50th Anniversary of Francis Joseph as Emperor Material: Gold. 900 Weight: 33.88gm Diameter: 37mm. Obverse: Head of Francis Joseph I right. Reverse: Female figure (the so-called “Lady in the Clouds”, which represents Austria) reclined in clouds, holding wreath in right hand and supports oval shield with arms of the Austrian Empire to her left. Legend: DVODECIM LVSTRIS GLORIOSE PERACTIS. Twelve lustra (one lustrum is equal to 5 years = 25 Years) gloriously accomplished! A lustrum (plural lustra) was a term for a five-year period in Ancient Rome. The last significant Habsburg monarch. Franz Josef was the eldest son of Archduke Franz Karl (Francis Charles), who was brother and heir of Austrian Emperor Ferdinand I. Because his father renounced his right to the throne, Franz Josef became emperor when Ferdinand abdicated near the end of the revolution of 1848. By the time Franz Josef stepped onto the throne, Austria’s position as a European “great power” was already in serious decline. Three external factors furthered Austria’s decline. Lingering Russian ill will was a factor in the July (1914) Crisis which led to the outbreak of WWI. – The unification of Italy provided a new threat to the empire. In the decade that followed, Austria lost nearly all of its Italian possessions, such as Lombardy and Venetia. – The rise of Prussian dominance of the German Confederation, and Austria’s loss of the Austro-Prussian war in 1866. German unification in 1871 made Austria the lesser of the two German powers. Austria was weakened by these reverses. Franz Josef had little choice but to negotiate with Hungary on its demands for autonomy. Austria and Hungary agreed to create a dual monarchy in which the two countries would be equal partners. Under the empire of Austria-Hungary, as it was known after 1867, Hungary had complete independence in internal affairs, but the two countries acted jointly in foreign affairs. (This fact contributed to the slowness of A-H’s response to the murder of Franz Ferdinand). The same year, Franz Josef and Elizabeth were formally crowned king and queen of Hungary. Franz Josef married Elizabeth, daughter of Duke Maximilian of Bavaria, in 1854. They had one son, Rudolf, and three daughters. As the dual monarch, Franz Josef planned to grant some form of self-government to the Austrian Slavs, but the German and Magyar elites who actually controlled the empire opposed any sharing of power. The resulting dissatisfaction among Austrian Czechs and Serbs further weakened the Habsburg realms and caused increased friction with Russia, which championed the cause of Europe’s Slavic peoples. Franz Josef’s later years were marked by a series of tragedies in his family. In 1889 his only son and heir to the throne, Archduke Rudolf, committed suicide; Franz Josef’s second younger brother, Karl Ludwig, had died in 1896 from illness due to bad water he drank while on a holy lands pilgrimage; in 1898 Elizabeth was assassinated by an Italian anarchist. Succession to the Austrian throne was not simple. Following the suicide of Franz Josef’s only son Rudolf, the next in succession would have been Franz Josef’s younger brother Maximillian. Maximillian, however, had been executed by a firing squad in Mexico in 1867 after a 3 year reign as Emperor of Mexico. Karl Ludwig’s oldest son, Franz Ferdinand replaced Rudolf as heir to the throne. Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo in June 1914. The assasination precipitated a crisis which led to the outbreak of World War I. Franz Josef died on November 21, 1916. He did not live to see Austria’s defeat in the war. His grand nephew, Karl I assumed the throne for two years, but was the last Habsburg monarch. William served in the army from 1814 onward, fought against Napoleon I of France during the Napoleonic Wars, and was reportedly a very brave soldier. He fought under Blücher at the Battles of Waterloo and Ligny. He also became an excellent diplomat by engaging in diplomatic missions after 1815. During the Revolutions of 1848, William successfully crushed a revolt that was aimed at his elder brother King Frederick William IV. The use of cannons made him unpopular at the time and earned him the nickname. In 1857 Frederick William IV suffered a stroke and became mentally disabled for the rest of his life. In January 1858 William became Prince Regent for his brother. On January 2, 1861 Frederick William died and William ascended the throne as William I of Prussia. He inherited a conflict between Frederick William and the liberal parliament. He was considered a politically neutral person as he intervened less in politics than his brother. William nevertheless found a conservative solution for the conflict: he appointed Otto von Bismarck to the office of Prime Minister. According to the Prussian constitution, the Prime Minister was responsible solely to the king, not to parliament. Bismarck liked to see his work relationship with William as that of a vassal to his feudal superior. Nonetheless it was Bismarck who effectively directed the politics, interior as well as foreign; on several occasions he gained William’s assent by threatening to resign. In the aftermath of the Franco-Prussian War William was proclaimed German Emperor on January 18, 1871 in Versailles Palace. The title “German Emperor” was carefully chosen by Bismarck after discussion until (and after) the day of the proclamation. William accepted this title grudgingly as he would have preferred “Emperor of Germany” which, however, was unacceptable to the federated monarchs, and would also have signalled a claim to lands outside of his reign Austria, Switzerland, Luxemburg etc. The title “Emperor of the Germans”, as proposed in 1848, was ruled out from the start anyway, as he considered himself chosen “by the grace of God”, not by the people as in a democratic republic. This Empire was a federal state; the emperor was head of state and president. First among equals of the federated monarchs (the kings of Bavaria, Württemberg, Saxony, the grand dukes of Baden and Hesse, and so on, not to forget the senates of the free cities of Hamburg, Lübeck and Bremen). On May 11, 1878, Max Hödel failed in an assassination attempt on William in Berlin. A second attempt was made on June 2, 1878, by the anarchist Karl Nobiling, who wounded William before committing suicide. These attempts became the pretext for the institution of the Anti-Socialist Law, which was introduced by Bismarck’s government with the support of a majority in the Reichstag in October 18, 1878, for the purpose of fighting the. The laws deprived the Social Democratic Party of Germany of its legal status; they prohibited all organizations, workers’ mass organizations and the socialist and workers’ press, decreed confiscation of socialist literature, and subjected Social-Democrats to reprisals. The laws were extended every 2-3 years. Despite this policy of reprisals the Social Democratic Party increased its influence among the masses. Under pressure of the mass working-class movement the laws were repealed on October 1, 1890. In his memoirs, Bismarck describes William as an old-fashioned, courteous, infallibly polite gentleman and a genuine Prussian officer, whose good common sense was occasionally undermined by “female influences”. The item “1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58″ is in sale since Wednesday, February 19, 2020. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ World\Europe\Austria”. The seller is “coinworldtv” and is located in Wien. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Composition: Gold!
  • Certification Number: 3936789-002
  • Certification: NGC
  • Grade: AU58
  • Year: 1908

1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58
1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58
1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58
1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58
1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58

1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58
1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona “Lady in the Clouds” Coin. Mint year: 1908 Mint place: Vienna Reference: Friedberg 514, KM-2812. Certified and graded by NGC as AU-58! Denomination: 100 Corona – 50th Anniversary of Francis Joseph as Emperor Material: Gold. 900 Weight: 33.88gm Diameter: 37mm. Obverse: Head of Francis Joseph I right. Reverse: Female figure (the so-called “Lady in the Clouds”, which represents Austria) reclined in clouds, holding wreath in right hand and supports oval shield with arms of the Austrian Empire to her left. Legend: DVODECIM LVSTRIS GLORIOSE PERACTIS. Twelve lustra (one lustrum is equal to 5 years = 25 Years) gloriously accomplished! A lustrum (plural lustra) was a term for a five-year period in Ancient Rome. The last significant Habsburg monarch. Franz Josef was the eldest son of Archduke Franz Karl (Francis Charles), who was brother and heir of Austrian Emperor Ferdinand I. Because his father renounced his right to the throne, Franz Josef became emperor when Ferdinand abdicated near the end of the revolution of 1848. By the time Franz Josef stepped onto the throne, Austria’s position as a European “great power” was already in serious decline. Three external factors furthered Austria’s decline. Lingering Russian ill will was a factor in the July (1914) Crisis which led to the outbreak of WWI. – The unification of Italy provided a new threat to the empire. In the decade that followed, Austria lost nearly all of its Italian possessions, such as Lombardy and Venetia. – The rise of Prussian dominance of the German Confederation, and Austria’s loss of the Austro-Prussian war in 1866. German unification in 1871 made Austria the lesser of the two German powers. Austria was weakened by these reverses. Franz Josef had little choice but to negotiate with Hungary on its demands for autonomy. Austria and Hungary agreed to create a dual monarchy in which the two countries would be equal partners. Under the empire of Austria-Hungary, as it was known after 1867, Hungary had complete independence in internal affairs, but the two countries acted jointly in foreign affairs. (This fact contributed to the slowness of A-H’s response to the murder of Franz Ferdinand). The same year, Franz Josef and Elizabeth were formally crowned king and queen of Hungary. Franz Josef married Elizabeth, daughter of Duke Maximilian of Bavaria, in 1854. They had one son, Rudolf, and three daughters. As the dual monarch, Franz Josef planned to grant some form of self-government to the Austrian Slavs, but the German and Magyar elites who actually controlled the empire opposed any sharing of power. The resulting dissatisfaction among Austrian Czechs and Serbs further weakened the Habsburg realms and caused increased friction with Russia, which championed the cause of Europe’s Slavic peoples. Franz Josef’s later years were marked by a series of tragedies in his family. In 1889 his only son and heir to the throne, Archduke Rudolf, committed suicide; Franz Josef’s second younger brother, Karl Ludwig, had died in 1896 from illness due to bad water he drank while on a holy lands pilgrimage; in 1898 Elizabeth was assassinated by an Italian anarchist. Succession to the Austrian throne was not simple. Following the suicide of Franz Josef’s only son Rudolf, the next in succession would have been Franz Josef’s younger brother Maximillian. Maximillian, however, had been executed by a firing squad in Mexico in 1867 after a 3 year reign as Emperor of Mexico. Karl Ludwig’s oldest son, Franz Ferdinand replaced Rudolf as heir to the throne. Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo in June 1914. The assasination precipitated a crisis which led to the outbreak of World War I. Franz Josef died on November 21, 1916. He did not live to see Austria’s defeat in the war. His grand nephew, Karl I assumed the throne for two years, but was the last Habsburg monarch. William served in the army from 1814 onward, fought against Napoleon I of France during the Napoleonic Wars, and was reportedly a very brave soldier. He fought under Blücher at the Battles of Waterloo and Ligny. He also became an excellent diplomat by engaging in diplomatic missions after 1815. During the Revolutions of 1848, William successfully crushed a revolt that was aimed at his elder brother King Frederick William IV. The use of cannons made him unpopular at the time and earned him the nickname. In 1857 Frederick William IV suffered a stroke and became mentally disabled for the rest of his life. In January 1858 William became Prince Regent for his brother. On January 2, 1861 Frederick William died and William ascended the throne as William I of Prussia. He inherited a conflict between Frederick William and the liberal parliament. He was considered a politically neutral person as he intervened less in politics than his brother. William nevertheless found a conservative solution for the conflict: he appointed Otto von Bismarck to the office of Prime Minister. According to the Prussian constitution, the Prime Minister was responsible solely to the king, not to parliament. Bismarck liked to see his work relationship with William as that of a vassal to his feudal superior. Nonetheless it was Bismarck who effectively directed the politics, interior as well as foreign; on several occasions he gained William’s assent by threatening to resign. In the aftermath of the Franco-Prussian War William was proclaimed German Emperor on January 18, 1871 in Versailles Palace. The title “German Emperor” was carefully chosen by Bismarck after discussion until (and after) the day of the proclamation. William accepted this title grudgingly as he would have preferred “Emperor of Germany” which, however, was unacceptable to the federated monarchs, and would also have signalled a claim to lands outside of his reign Austria, Switzerland, Luxemburg etc. The title “Emperor of the Germans”, as proposed in 1848, was ruled out from the start anyway, as he considered himself chosen “by the grace of God”, not by the people as in a democratic republic. This Empire was a federal state; the emperor was head of state and president. First among equals of the federated monarchs (the kings of Bavaria, Württemberg, Saxony, the grand dukes of Baden and Hesse, and so on, not to forget the senates of the free cities of Hamburg, Lübeck and Bremen). On May 11, 1878, Max Hödel failed in an assassination attempt on William in Berlin. A second attempt was made on June 2, 1878, by the anarchist Karl Nobiling, who wounded William before committing suicide. These attempts became the pretext for the institution of the Anti-Socialist Law, which was introduced by Bismarck’s government with the support of a majority in the Reichstag in October 18, 1878, for the purpose of fighting the. The laws deprived the Social Democratic Party of Germany of its legal status; they prohibited all organizations, workers’ mass organizations and the socialist and workers’ press, decreed confiscation of socialist literature, and subjected Social-Democrats to reprisals. The laws were extended every 2-3 years. Despite this policy of reprisals the Social Democratic Party increased its influence among the masses. Under pressure of the mass working-class movement the laws were repealed on October 1, 1890. In his memoirs, Bismarck describes William as an old-fashioned, courteous, infallibly polite gentleman and a genuine Prussian officer, whose good common sense was occasionally undermined by “female influences”. The item “1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58″ is in sale since Wednesday, December 12, 2018. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ World\Europe\Austria”. The seller is “coinworldtv” and is located in Europe. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Certification: NGC
  • Certification Number: 3936789-002
  • Grade: AU58
  • Composition: Gold!
  • Year: 1908

1908, Austria, Francis Joseph I. Gold 100 Corona Lady in the Clouds. NGC AU58
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