PHILIP II Father of Alexander the Great Ancient 323BC Gold Stater Greek Coin NGC
PHILIP II Father of Alexander the Great Ancient 323BC Gold Stater Greek Coin NGC
PHILIP II Father of Alexander the Great Ancient 323BC Gold Stater Greek Coin NGC
PHILIP II Father of Alexander the Great Ancient 323BC Gold Stater Greek Coin NGC

PHILIP II Father of Alexander the Great Ancient 323BC Gold Stater Greek Coin NGC
[6598] Kingdom of Macedonia Philip II – King: 359-336 B. (Father of Alexander III the Great) Gold Stater (19mm, 8.58 gm, 4h). Posthumous issue of Abydus mint, struck circa 323-319 B. Reference: Thompson, ADM II, 88-89. SNG ANS 298 Certification: NGC Ancients Ch AU Strike: 5/5 Surface: 4/5 Fine Style 4244037-002 Laureate head of Apollo right. Charioteer, holding kentron and reins, driving racing biga right; below, IIOY in exergue. Provided with certificate of authenticity. CERTIFIED AUTHENTIC by Sergey Nechayev, PhD – Numismatic Expert. Philip II of Macedon (382-336 BC) was the king (Basileus) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination in 336 BC. He was a member of the Argead dynasty of Macedonian kings, the third son of King Amyntas III, and father of Alexander the Great and Philip III. The rise of Macedon during the reign of Philip II was achieved in part by his reformation of the Ancient Macedonian army, establishing the Macedonian phalanx that proved critical in securing victories on the battlefield. After defeating Athens and Thebes at the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC, Philip II led the effort to establish a federation of Greek states known as the League of Corinth, with him as the elected hegemon and commander-in-chief of a planned invasion of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia. However, his assassination led to the immediate succession of his son Alexander, who would go on to invade the Achaemenid Empire in his father’s stead. The item “PHILIP II Father of Alexander the Great Ancient 323BC Gold Stater Greek Coin NGC” is in sale since Wednesday, January 17, 2018. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Greek (450 BC-100 AD)”. The seller is “victoram” and is located in Forest Hills, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Culture: Greek
  • Coin Type: Ancient
  • Denomination: Stater
  • Composition: Gold
  • Certification: NGC
  • Certification Number: 4244037-002
  • Grade: Ch AU

PHILIP II Father of Alexander the Great Ancient 323BC Gold Stater Greek Coin NGC
Justinian II FIRST ANCIENT Gold COIN with JESUS CHRIST Byzantine Empire NGC MS
Justinian II FIRST ANCIENT Gold COIN with JESUS CHRIST Byzantine Empire NGC MS
Justinian II FIRST ANCIENT Gold COIN with JESUS CHRIST Byzantine Empire NGC MS
Justinian II FIRST ANCIENT Gold COIN with JESUS CHRIST Byzantine Empire NGC MS
Justinian II FIRST ANCIENT Gold COIN with JESUS CHRIST Byzantine Empire NGC MS
Justinian II FIRST ANCIENT Gold COIN with JESUS CHRIST Byzantine Empire NGC MS

Justinian II FIRST ANCIENT Gold COIN with JESUS CHRIST Byzantine Empire NGC MS
Justinian II – Byzantine Emperor, first reign, 685-695 A. Gold Solidus 17mm (4.35 grams) 7h, Constantinople, struck 692-695 A. Reference: DOC 8 (but this officina not recorded). SB 1249 Certification: NGC Ancients MS Strike: 4/5 Surface: 4/5 4529313-003 IhS CRISTDS REX REGNAN[TIuM] Draped bust of Christ facing, with long hair and full beard, raising right hand in benediction and holding book of Gospels in his left; behind head, cross. [D IuSTINIANu]S SERu ChRISTI’ / CONOPA Justinian II, crowned, bearded and wearing loros, standing facing, holding cross potent on base and two steps in his right hand and akakia in his left. The first ancient coin depicting Jesus Christ. Provided with certificate of authenticity. CERTIFIED AUTHENTIC by Sergey Nechayev, PhD – Numismatic Expert. Jesus (Greek: Iesous ; 7-2 BC to 30-33 AD), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth , is the central figure of Christianity, whom the teachings of most Christian denominations hold to be the Son of God. Christianity regards Jesus as the awaited Messiah of the Old Testament and refers to him as Jesus Christ , a name that is also used in non-Christian contexts. Virtually all modern scholars of antiquity agree that Jesus existed historically, although the quest for the historical Jesuss has produced little agreement on the historical reliability of the Gospels and on how closely the biblical Jesus reflects the historical Jesus. Most scholars agree that Jesus was a Jewish rabbi from Galilee who preached his message orally, was baptized by John the Baptist, and was crucified in Jerusalem on the orders of the Roman prefect, Pontius Pilate. Scholars have constructed various portraits of the historical Jesus, which often depict him as having one or more of the following roles: the leader of an apocalyptic movement, Messiah, a charismatic healer, a sage and philosopher, or an egalitarian social reformer. Scholars have correlated the New Testament accounts with non-Christian historical records to arrive at an estimated chronology of Jesus’ life. The most widely used calendar era in the world (abbreviated as “AD”, alternatively referred to as “CE”), counts from a medieval estimate of the birth year of Jesus. Christians believe that Jesus has a “unique significance” in the world. Christian doctrines include the beliefs that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit, was born of a virgin, performed miracles, founded the Church, died by crucifixion as a sacrifice to achieve atonement, rose from the dead, and ascended into heaven, whence he will return. The great majority of Christians worship Jesus as the incarnation of God the Son, the second of three persons of a Divine Trinity. A few Christian groups reject Trinitarianism, wholly or partly, as non-scriptural. In Islam, Jesus (commonly transliterated as Isa) is considered one of God’s important prophets and the Messiah. To Muslims, Jesus is a bringer of scripture and was born of a virgin, but neither the Son of God nor the victim of crucifixion. According to the Quran, Jesus was not crucified but was physically raised into the heavens by God. Judaism rejects the Christian and Islamic belief that Jesus was the awaited Messiah, arguing that he did not fulfill the Messianic prophecies in the Tanakh. Justinian II (Greek: , Ioustinianos II, Latin: Justinianus II) (669 – 11 December 711), surnamed the Rhinotmetos or Rhinotmetus (, “the slit-nosed”), was the last Byzantine Emperor of the Heraclian Dynasty, reigning from 685 to 695 and again from 705 to 711. Justinian II was an ambitious and passionate ruler who was keen to restore the Empire to its former glories, but he responded poorly to any opposition to his will and lacked the finesse of his father, Constantine IV. His second reign was even more despotic than the first, and it too saw his eventual overthrow in 711, abandoned by his army who turned on him before killing him. Justinian II was the eldest son of Emperor Constantine IV and Anastasia. His father raised him to the throne as joint emperor in 681 on the fall of his uncles Heraclius and Tiberius. In 685, at the age of sixteen, Justinian II succeeded his father as sole emperor. Due to Constantine IV’s victories, the situation in the Eastern provinces of the Empire was stable when Justinian ascended the throne. After a preliminary strike against the Arabs in Armenia, Justinian managed to augment the sum paid by theUmayyad Caliphs as an annual tribute, and to regain control of part of Cyprus. The incomes of the provinces of Armenia and Iberia were divided among the two empires. In 687, as part of his agreements with the Caliphate, Justinian removed from their native Lebanon 12,000 Christian Maronites, who continually resisted the Arabs. Additional resettlement efforts, aimed at the Mardaites and inhabitants of Cyprus allowed Justinian to reinforce naval forces depleted by earlier conflicts. Justinian took advantage of the peace in the East to regain possession of the Balkans, which were before then almost totally under the heel of Slavic tribes. In 687 Justinian transferred cavalry troops from Anatolia to Thrace. With a great military campaign in 688-689, Justinian defeated the Bulgars of Macedonia and was finally able to enter Thessalonica, the second most important Byzantine city in Europe. The subdued Slavs were resettled in Anatolia, where they were to provide a military force of 30,000 men. Emboldened by the increase of his forces in Anatolia, Justinian now renewed the war against the Arabs. With the help of his new troops, Justinian won a battle against the enemy in Armenia in 693, but they were soon bribed to revolt by the Arabs. The result was that Justinian was comprehensively defeated at the Battle of Sebastopolis, caused by the defection of most of his Slavic troops, while he himself was forced to flee to the Propontis. There, according to Theophanes, he took out his frustration by slaughtering as many of the Slavs in and around Opsikion as he could lay his hands on. In the meantime, aPatrician by the name of Symbatius proceeded to rebel in Armenia, and opened up the province to the Arabs, who proceeded to conquer it in 694-695. Meanwhile the Emperor’s bloody persecution of the Manichaeans and suppression of popular traditions of non-Orthodox origin caused dissension within the Church. In 692 Justinian convened the so-called Quinisext Council at Constantinople to put his religious policies into effect. The Council expanded and clarified the rulings of the Fifth and Sixth ecumenical councils, but by highlighting differences between the Eastern and Western observances (such as the marriage of priests and the Roman practice of fasting on Saturdays) the council compromised Byzantine relations with the Roman Church. The emperor ordered Pope Sergius I arrested, but the militias of Rome and Ravenna rebelled and took the Pope’s side. Justinian contributed to the development of the thematic organization of the Empire, creating a new theme of Hellas in southern Greece and numbering the heads of the five major themes- Thrace in Europe, Opsikion, the Anatolikon, andArmeniakon themes in Asia Minor, and the maritime corps of the Karabisianoi – among the senior administrators of the Empire. He also sought to protect the rights of peasant freeholders, who served as the main recruitment pool for the armed forces of the Empire, against attempts by the aristocracy to acquire their land- putting him in direct conflict with some of the largest landholders in the Empire. Through his agents Stephen and Theodotos, the emperor raised the funds to gratify his sumptuous tastes and his mania for erecting costly buildings. This, ongoing religious discontent, conflicts with the aristocracy, and displeasure over his resettlement policy eventually drove his subjects into rebellion. In 695 the population rose under Leontios, the strategos of Hellas, and proclaimed him Emperor. Justinian was deposed and his nose was cut off (later replaced by a solid gold replica of his original) to prevent his again seeking the throne: such mutilation was common in Byzantine culture. He was exiled to Chersonin the Crimea. Leontius, after a reign of three years, was in turn dethroned and imprisoned by Tiberius Apsimarus, who next assumed the throne. While in exile, Justinian began to plot and gather supporters for an attempt to retake the throne. Justinian became a liability to Cherson and the authorities decided to return him to Constantinople in 702 or 703. He escaped from Cherson and received help from Ibusirus Gliabanus (Busir Glavan), the khagan of the Khazars, who received him enthusiastically and gave him his sister as a bride. Justinian renamed her Theodora, after the wife of Justinian I. They were given a home in the town of Phanagoria, at the entrance to the sea of Azov. Busir was offered a bribe by Tiberios to kill his brother-in-law, and dispatched two Khazar officials, Papatzys and Balgitzin, to do the deed. Warned by his wife, Justinian strangled Papatzys and Balgatzin with his own hands. He sailed in a fishing-boat to Cherson, summoned his supporters, and they all sailed westwards across the Black Sea. Justinian retorted, “If I spare a single one of them, may God drown me here”. Having survived the storm, Justinian next approached Tervel of Bulgaria. In spring 705, with an army of 15,000 Bulgar and Slav horsemen Justinian appeared before the walls of Constantinople. For three days, Justinian tried to convince the citizens of Constantinople to open the gates, but to no avail. Unable to take the city by force, he and some companions entered through an unused water conduit under the walls of the city, roused their supporters, and seized control of the city in a midnight coup d’état. Justinian once more ascended the throne, breaking the tradition preventing the mutilated from Imperial rule. After tracking down his predecessors, he had his rivals Leontius and Tiberios brought in chains before Justinian in the Hippodrome, now wearing a golden nasal prosthesis. There, before a jeering populace, Justinian placed his feet on the necks of Tiberios and Leontios in a symbolic gesture of subjugation before ordering their execution by beheading, followed by many of their partisans, as well as deposing, blinding and exiling Patriarch Kallinikos I of Constantinople to Rome. His second reign was marked by unsuccessful warfare against Bulgaria and the Caliphate, and by cruel suppression of opposition at home. In 708 Justinian turned on Bulgarian Khan Tervel, whom he had earlier crowned Caesar , and invaded Bulgaria, apparently seeking to recover the territories ceded to Tervel as a reward for his support in 705. The Emperor was defeated, blockaded in Anchialus, and forced to retreat. Peace between Bulgaria and Byzantium was quickly restored. This defeat was followed by Arab victories in Asia Minor, where the cities of Cilicia fell into the hands of the enemy, who penetrated into Cappadocia in 709-711. Justinian was more interested in punishing his subjects at Ravenna and Cherson. He ordered Pope John VII to recognize the decisions of the Quinisext Council and simultaneously fitted out a punitive expedition against Ravenna in 709 under the command of the Patrician Theodore. The repression succeeded, and the new Pope Constantine visited Constantinople in 710, giving in to some of the Emperor’s demands and restoring relations between the Emperor and the Papacy. This would be the last time a Pope visited the city until the visit of Pope Paul VI to Istanbul in 1967. Justinian’s tyrannical rule provoked another uprising against him. Cherson revolted and under the leadership of the exiled general Bardanes, the city held out against a counter-attack and soon the forces sent to suppress the rebellion joined it. The rebels then seized the capital and proclaimed Bardanes as Emperor Philippicus; Justinian had been on his way to Armenia, and was unable to return to Constantinople in time to defend it. He was arrested and executed outside the city in December 711, his head being sent to Bardanes as a trophy. On hearing the news of his death, Justinian’s mother took his six-year-old son and co-emperor, Tiberius, to sanctuary at St. Mary’s Church in Blachernae, but was pursued by Philippicus’ henchmen, who dragged the child from the altar and, once outside the church, murdered him, thus eradicating the line of Heraclius. Justinian’s reign saw the continued slow and ongoing process of transformation of the Byzantine Empire, as the traditions inherited from the ancient Latin Roman state were gradually being eroded. This is most clearly seen in the coinage of Justinian’s reign, which saw the reintroduction of the Loros, the traditional consular costume that had not been seen on Imperial coinage for a century, while the office itself had not been celebrated for nearly half a century. This was linked to Justinian’s decision to unify the office of consul with that of emperor thus making the Emperor the head of state not only de facto but also de jure. Although the office of the consulate would continue to exist until Emperor Leo VI the Wise formally abolished it with Novel 94, it was Justinian who effectively brought the consulate as a separate political entity to an end. He was formally appointed as Consul in 686, and from that point, Justinian II adopted the title of consul for all the Julian years of his reign, consecutively numbered. Though at times done in by his own despotic tendencies, Justinian was a talented and perceptive ruler who succeeded in improving the standing of the Byzantine Empire. A pious ruler, Justinian was the first emperor to include the image of Christ on coinage issued in his name and attempted to outlaw various pagan festivals and practices that persisted in the Empire. He may have self-consciously modelled himself on his namesake, Justinian I, as seen in his enthusiasm for large-scale construction projects and the renaming of his Khazar wife with the name of Theodora. Among the building projects he undertook was the creation of the triklinos , an extension to the imperial palace, a decorative cascade fountain located at the Augusteum , and a new Church of the Virgin at Petrion. By his first wife Eudokia, Justinian II had at least one daughter. Anastasia, who was betrothed to Tervel of Bulgaria. By his second wife, Theodora of Khazaria, Justinian II had a son. Tiberios, co-emperor from 706 to 711. Justinian , a 1998 novel by science fiction author, and Byzantine scholar, Harry Turtledove, writing under the name HN Turtletaub, gives a fictionalized version of Justinian’s life as retold by a fictional lifelong companion the soldier Myakes. In the novel, Turtledove speculates that while in exile Justinian had reconstructive surgery done to fix his damaged nose. The item “Justinian II FIRST ANCIENT Gold COIN with JESUS CHRIST Byzantine Empire NGC MS” is in sale since Thursday, June 15, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Byzantine (300-1400 AD)”. The seller is “victoram” and is located in Forest Hills, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Grade: MS
  • Certification: NGC
  • Certification Number: 4529313-003

Justinian II FIRST ANCIENT Gold COIN with JESUS CHRIST Byzantine Empire NGC MS
ALEXANDER III the GREAT 323BC Gold Stater Authentic Ancient Greek Coin NGC Ch AU
ALEXANDER III the GREAT 323BC Gold Stater Authentic Ancient Greek Coin NGC Ch AU
ALEXANDER III the GREAT 323BC Gold Stater Authentic Ancient Greek Coin NGC Ch AU
ALEXANDER III the GREAT 323BC Gold Stater Authentic Ancient Greek Coin NGC Ch AU
ALEXANDER III the GREAT 323BC Gold Stater Authentic Ancient Greek Coin NGC Ch AU
ALEXANDER III the GREAT 323BC Gold Stater Authentic Ancient Greek Coin NGC Ch AU

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 323BC Gold Stater Authentic Ancient Greek Coin NGC Ch AU
[6570] KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III the Great – King of Macedonia: 336-323 B. Gold Stater 18.5mm (8.50 grams) Miletos mint, struck circa 323-317 BC. Struck under Asandros, circa 323-319 BC. Reference: Price 2114; ADM I Series VII. Certification: NGC Ancients Ch AU Strike: 5/5 Surface: 4/5 Fine Style 2817930-001 Helmeted head of Athena right. Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis; monogram in left field, labrys below right wing. Best known as Alexander the Great , he was a king (basileus in Greek) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia. He was born in the city of Pella in 356 BC. By age 20, Alexander succeeded his father Philip II to the throne as king. He spent most of his years as king in an unprecedented military campaign of conquest through Asia, northeast Africa and even reached India. By age 30 he created one of the biggest empires in the ancient world, reaching from Greece to northwestern India. Being undefeated in battle, many consider him as one of history’s most successful military commanders. He could be considered one of history’s most important figures, having spread the Greek civilization far and wide, and was even admired by Julius Caesar along with many other important historical personages as well. Provided with certificate of authenticity. CERTIFIED AUTHENTIC by Sergey Nechayev, PhD – Numismatic Expert. Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great , was a king (basileus) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. Born in Pella in 356 BC, Alexander succeeded his father, Philip II, to the throne at the age of twenty. He spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, and by the age of thirty he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from Greece to northwestern India. He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered one of history’s most successful military commanders. During his youth, Alexander was tutored by the philosopher Aristotle until the age of 16. After Philip’s assassination in 336 BC, Alexander succeeded his father to the throne and inherited a strong kingdom and an experienced army. Alexander was awarded the generalship of Greece and used this authority to launch his father’s Panhellenic project to lead the Greeks in the conquest of Persia. In 334 BC, he invaded the Achaemenid Empire, and began a series of campaigns that lasted ten years. Following the conquest of Asia Minor, Alexander broke the power of Persia in a series of decisive battles, most notably the battles of Issus and Gaugamela. He subsequently overthrew the Persian King Darius III and conquered the Achaemenid Empire in its entirety. At that point, his empire stretched from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River. Seeking to reach the “ends of the world and the Great Outer Sea”, he invaded India in 326 BC, but eventually turned back at the demand of his homesick troops. Alexander died in Babylon in 323 BC, the city he planned to establish as his capital, without executing a series of planned campaigns that would have begun with an invasion of Arabia. In the years following his death, a series of civil wars tore his empire apart, resulting in several states ruled by the Diadochi, Alexander’s surviving generals and heirs. Alexander’s legacy includes the cultural diffusion his conquests engendered, such as Greco-Buddhism. He founded some twenty cities that bore his name, most notably Alexandria in Egypt. Alexander’s settlement of Greek colonists and the resulting spread of Greek culture in the east resulted in a new Hellenistic civilization, aspects of which were still evident in the traditions of the Byzantine Empire in the mid-15th century and the presence of Greek speakers in central and far eastern Anatolia until the 1920s. Alexander became legendary as a classical hero in the mold of Achilles, and he features prominently in the history and mythic traditions of both Greek and non-Greek cultures. He became the measure against which military leaders compared themselves, and military academies throughout the world still teach his tactics. He is often ranked among the most influential people in human history, along with his teacher Aristotle. The item “ALEXANDER III the GREAT 323BC Gold Stater Authentic Ancient Greek Coin NGC Ch AU” is in sale since Saturday, October 28, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Greek (450 BC-100 AD)”. The seller is “victoram” and is located in Forest Hills, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Culture: Greek
  • Coin Type: Ancient
  • Denomination: Stater
  • Composition: Gold
  • Material: Gold
  • Certification: NGC
  • Certification Number: 2817930-001
  • Grade: Ch AU

ALEXANDER III the GREAT 323BC Gold Stater Authentic Ancient Greek Coin NGC Ch AU
MAXIMIANUS 303AD Authentic Ancient Roman NGC Certified XF GOLD Aureus Coin RARE
MAXIMIANUS 303AD Authentic Ancient Roman NGC Certified XF GOLD Aureus Coin RARE
MAXIMIANUS 303AD Authentic Ancient Roman NGC Certified XF GOLD Aureus Coin RARE
MAXIMIANUS 303AD Authentic Ancient Roman NGC Certified XF GOLD Aureus Coin RARE

MAXIMIANUS 303AD Authentic Ancient Roman NGC Certified XF GOLD Aureus Coin RARE
[6162] Maximianus, first reign (AD 286-305). AV aureus (17mm, 5.35 gm, 6h). Struck 20 November AD 303. MAXIMIA-NVS P F AVG, laureate head of Maximian right / HERCVLI CONSER AVG ET CAESS NN, Hercules standing facing, head left, quiver over shoulder, holding club set on ground and bow; TR in exerge. Calicó 4651 (same dies). Nicely centered and struck in high relief on a round flan. A handsome coin with a noble pedigree. NGC XF 5/5 , 4/5. Pedigree: Ex Frederick S. Knobloch Collection Part II (Stack’s, 3 May 1980), lot 1211, M&M XIX (June 1959), lot 260. Provided with certificate of authenticity. CERTIFIED AUTHENTIC by Sergey Nechayev, PhD – Numismatic Expert. The item “MAXIMIANUS 303AD Authentic Ancient Roman NGC Certified XF GOLD Aureus Coin RARE” is in sale since Friday, April 15, 2016. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “victoram” and is located in Forest Hills, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Certification: NGC
  • Certification Number: 4251338-007
  • Provenance: Ex Frederick S. Knobloch Collection Part II (Stack
  • Grade: XF*
  • Ruler: Maximianus
  • Composition: Gold

MAXIMIANUS 303AD Authentic Ancient Roman NGC Certified XF GOLD Aureus Coin RARE
NERO 67AD Rome 1910 Pedigree Authentic Ancient Roman GOLD Aureus Coin NGC AU
NERO 67AD Rome 1910 Pedigree Authentic Ancient Roman GOLD Aureus Coin NGC AU
NERO 67AD Rome 1910 Pedigree Authentic Ancient Roman GOLD Aureus Coin NGC AU
NERO 67AD Rome 1910 Pedigree Authentic Ancient Roman GOLD Aureus Coin NGC AU
NERO 67AD Rome 1910 Pedigree Authentic Ancient Roman GOLD Aureus Coin NGC AU
NERO 67AD Rome 1910 Pedigree Authentic Ancient Roman GOLD Aureus Coin NGC AU

NERO 67AD Rome 1910 Pedigree Authentic Ancient Roman GOLD Aureus Coin NGC AU
Nero – Roman Emperor: 54-68 A. Gold Aureus 18mm (7.27 grams) (4h) Rome mint, struck 66-67 A. Reference: BM 94; Paris 236; Cohen 31 40 Fr. ; RIC 66 (R2); Calico 445 Pedigree: Ex J. Hirsch XXVI, 23-24 May 1910, lot 677 Certification: NGC Ancients AU Strike: 5/5 Surface: 3/5 4371773-002 IMP NERO CAESAR – AVGVSTVS, Laureate head of Nero right. Salus seated left on throne, holding patera in right hand, left arm resting at her side; SALVS in exergue. Superb details, excellent style. Provided with certificate of authenticity. CERTIFIED AUTHENTIC by Sergey Nechayev, PhD – Numismatic Expert. Nero (Latin: Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus ;15 December 37 – 9 June 68) was Roman Emperor from 54 to 68, and the last in the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Nero was adopted by his great uncle Claudius to become his heir and successor, and succeeded to the throne in 54 following Claudius’ death. During his reign, Nero focused much of his attention on diplomacy, trade, and enhancing the cultural life of the Empire. He ordered theaters built and promoted athletic games. During his reign, the redoubtable general Corbulo conducted a successful war and negotiated peace with the Parthian Empire. His general Suetonius Paulinus crushed a revolt in Britain. Nero annexed the Bosporan Kingdom to the Empire and began the First Roman-Jewish War. In 64, most of Rome was destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome, which many Romans believed Nero himself had started in order to clear land for his planned palatial complex, the Domus Aurea. In 68, the rebellion of Vindex in Gaul and later the acclamation of Galba in Hispania drove Nero from the throne. Facing assassination, he committed suicide on 9 June 68 (the first Roman emperor to do so) His death ended the Julio-Claudian Dynasty, sparking a brief period of civil wars known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Nero’s rule is often associated with tyranny and extravagance. He is known for many executions, including that of his mother, and the probable murder by poison of his stepbrother Britannicus. He is infamously known as the Emperor who “fiddled while Rome burned” and as an early persecutor of Christians. He was known for having captured Christians to burn them in his garden at night for a source of light. This view is based on the writings of Tacitus, Suetonius, and Cassius Dio, the main surviving sources for Nero’s reign. Few surviving sources paint Nero in a favorable light. Some sources, though, including some mentioned above, portray him as an emperor who was popular with the common Roman people, especially in the East. Some modern historians question the reliability of ancient sources when reporting on Nero’s tyrannical acts. The item “NERO 67AD Rome 1910 Pedigree Authentic Ancient Roman GOLD Aureus Coin NGC AU” is in sale since Monday, April 10, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “victoram” and is located in Forest Hills, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Ruler: Nero
  • Composition: Gold
  • Coin Type: Ancient Roman
  • Denomination: Aureus
  • Certification Number: 4371773-002
  • Grade: AU
  • Certification: NGC

NERO 67AD Rome 1910 Pedigree Authentic Ancient Roman GOLD Aureus Coin NGC AU
CONSTANTINE the GREAT 335AD NGC Certified Choice AU Ancient Roman Gold Coin Rare
CONSTANTINE the GREAT 335AD NGC Certified Choice AU Ancient Roman Gold Coin Rare
CONSTANTINE the GREAT 335AD NGC Certified Choice AU Ancient Roman Gold Coin Rare
CONSTANTINE the GREAT 335AD NGC Certified Choice AU Ancient Roman Gold Coin Rare
CONSTANTINE the GREAT 335AD NGC Certified Choice AU Ancient Roman Gold Coin Rare
CONSTANTINE the GREAT 335AD NGC Certified Choice AU Ancient Roman Gold Coin Rare

CONSTANTINE the GREAT 335AD NGC Certified Choice AU Ancient Roman Gold Coin Rare
CONSTANTINE I’THE GREAT’- ROMAN EMPEROR: 307-337 A. Gold Solidus 4.45 gm. NGC Certified Choice AU, 5/5; 3/5 Very Rare and Superb! CONSTANTI NVS MAX AVG Rosette-diademed and cuirassed bust right. VICTORIA CONSTANTINI AVG Victory advancing left, holding trophy in r. Hand and palm branch in left; in exergue, SMAN. From MPM collection and privately bought in 1961. Provided with certificate of authenticity. CERTIFIED AUTHENTIC by Sergey Nechayev, PhD – Numismatic Expert. The item “CONSTANTINE the GREAT 335AD NGC Certified Choice AU Ancient Roman Gold Coin Rare” is in sale since Monday, May 16, 2016. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “victoram” and is located in Forest Hills, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Ruler: Constantine I
  • Composition: Gold
  • Certification: NGC
  • Certification Number: 4371743-005
  • Grade: Ch AU

CONSTANTINE the GREAT 335AD NGC Certified Choice AU Ancient Roman Gold Coin Rare
AUGUSTUS 18 BC Authentic Ancient Gold Aureus Coin CAPRICORN Caruso Collec NGC AU
AUGUSTUS 18 BC Authentic Ancient Gold Aureus Coin CAPRICORN Caruso Collec NGC AU
AUGUSTUS 18 BC Authentic Ancient Gold Aureus Coin CAPRICORN Caruso Collec NGC AU
AUGUSTUS 18 BC Authentic Ancient Gold Aureus Coin CAPRICORN Caruso Collec NGC AU
AUGUSTUS 18 BC Authentic Ancient Gold Aureus Coin CAPRICORN Caruso Collec NGC AU
AUGUSTUS 18 BC Authentic Ancient Gold Aureus Coin CAPRICORN Caruso Collec NGC AU

AUGUSTUS 18 BC Authentic Ancient Gold Aureus Coin CAPRICORN Caruso Collec NGC AU
[6611] Octavian as Augustus, 27 BC – 14 AD. Gold Aureus (7.84 grams), Colonia Patricia? Mint circa 18-17/16 BC Reference: C 20. Calicó 164 (this coin). Faces of Power p. Pedigree / Provenance : Ex Canessa sale 28 June 1923, Enrico Caruso Collection , 149; Christie’s 9 October 1984, Property of a Lady, 2 and Sotheby’s 7 March 1996, 148 sales. From the Victor Adda collection. Certification: NGC Ancients AU Strike: 5/5 Surface: 3/5 4682096-001 Bare head right. Capricorn right, holding globe over rudder; above, cornucopiae; below, AVGVSTVS. A bold portrait struck on a very broad flan and a lovely light reddish tone. The brilliantly executed portrait used for this aureus was created by a master engraver not long after Gaius Octavian – the adopted son of Julius Caesar and victor over Antony and Cleopatra – assumed the title of Augustus and became the first Roman Emperor. This idealized and classicizing portrait type was Augustus’ preferred personal image for coins and statuary in the early years of his reign and influenced such iconic representations as the Prima Porta Augustus. The title DIVVS FILIVS son of the god i. Julius Caesar had loomed large during Octavian’s propaganda war against Caesar’s assassins and later against Antony, but it disappeared from coin inscriptions after he became Augustus. Nevertheless, while the words may have vanished, the idealized beauty of the portrait still managed to convey the Emperor’s transcendence and his quality as something greater than a mere man. The reverse type is the personal seal of Augustus, representing the zodiacal sign with which he was closely associated. It is often described as the sign of his birth on the morning of September 23, 63 B. But there remains some scholarly controversy over whether it actually represents his rising or moon sign, since his sun sign was actually Libra. According to Suetonius, the sign of Capricorn became important to the future Augustus already in 44 B. Just after the murder of Caesar. At this time, he and his close lieutenant, Marcus Agrippa, had their horoscopes cast by a Greek astrologer. Agrippa went first and had amazing things predicted of him. Octavian feared that his future could not possibly be as impressive as Agrippa’s and initially resisted having his horoscope cast, but when he relented the astrologer bowed and recognized him as the future master of the Mediterranean world. This recognition is indicated by the globe and rudder associated with Capricorn here as a sign that Augustus’ star-sanctioned power extended over both land and sea. In addition to Suetonius’ anecdote regarding Capricorn as the herald of Octavian’s destiny to become Augustus, the first Roman Emperor, it has been suggested that Augustus had further propagandistic reasons for advertising this zodiacal sign. Capricorn had some association with stern moral authority, which tied into Octavian’s attempts to contrast himself with Antony – usually characterised as debauched and corrupted by eastern luxury – and to his desire, as Augustus, to reform and cure the perceived moral ills of Roman society. Capricorn was also associated with the planet and god Saturn. According to Roman mythology, Saturn lived in Italy for a time after he was driven from heaven by Jupiter. His reign on earth, later celebrated in the revelries of the Saturnalia at the winter solstice, was considered a golden age of happiness for mankind. The reign of Augustus was cast in a similar golden Saturnian light by no less a figure than the poet Virgil. Provided with certificate of authenticity. CERTIFIED AUTHENTIC by Sergey Nechayev, PhD – Numismatic Expert. The item “AUGUSTUS 18 BC Authentic Ancient Gold Aureus Coin CAPRICORN Caruso Collec NGC AU” is in sale since Saturday, October 28, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “victoram” and is located in Forest Hills, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Denomination: Aureus
  • Ruler: Augustus
  • Composition: Gold
  • Provenance: Ex Canessa sale 28 June 1923, Caruso, 149
  • Certification: NGC
  • Grade: AU
  • Certification Number: 4682096-001

AUGUSTUS 18 BC Authentic Ancient Gold Aureus Coin CAPRICORN Caruso Collec NGC AU
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